Samstag, 23. November 2013

Similar words in Gaelic and German

Deutsch und Schottisch-Gälisch haben kaum Gemeinsamkeiten, doch habe ich ein paar Wörter entdeckt, die sich ähneln. Mit "Gälisch" (moderne Form) ist immer die schottische Variante gemeint. Irisches Gälisch läuft unter der Bezeichnung "irisch".

German and Scottish Gaelic don't have many things in common, but I found some similar words. Therefore I find this very interesting. With Gaelic in the modern form is always meant the Scottish variant. Irish Gaelic is called "Irish".

thu (English: you, German: du)
sibh (English: you, German: Sie)
Sibh (Sie) is more formal than "thu" or "du".
You use "thu" or "du" only if it is a good friend or acquaintance. All other people you will adress with "sibh" or "Sie". Generally the use of "sibh" and "Sie" is very much alike in Gaelic and in German. "Sie" is always written in large letters when formally adressing someone. It is a singular and plural form at once, but only used for the formal adressing of someone.
"Du" is written large in letters only.
The personal pronoun"sie" (written with a small first letter) is only used for plural, but not when adressing someone formally. (You are still thinking Gaelic is difficult to learn? Learn German and you will know the true meaning of pain.)
"Thu" is pronounced like "hoo" (German pronounciation: hu) and "sibh" like shiff.
"Du" ist pronounced like "dubh" ("black" in Gaelic) or "doo" in English. "Sie" is pronounced like "see" in English.
In Gaelic there is as much as I know no similar sound because the slender vowel "i" is changing the sound of "s" to "sh". To get a similar sound in Gaelic you would use the combination "saì" with a silent "a", the "ì" being long as "ie" in German. The "e" in German "ie" is silent, it just indicates a long "i".

The Gaelic letters a, e, i, o, u and ch are pronounced like in German.

ciste (chest, box, German: Kiste)
It is pronounced in German like "kiss te" (like the "te" in ten) spoken as one word.
The Gaelic word is pronounced a bit like kesh-che, the last e being a sound similar like the "e" in absent.

brot (broth, German: Brot)
The meaning and the pronounciation are identical in Gaelic and in German. In German nouns are always written with a large first letter.